10 and Under Tennis 'Golden Age' of skill development

"Physical activity helps children

to develop motor skills now, that they will need in the future"


Motor development is defined as the process by which a child acquires movement patterns and skills. The motor skill development provides children with the abilities they need to explore and interact with the world around them.

Through play and physical activity, children learn and practice skills that will be the foundation for more complicated movements down the road.  The preschool years are known as the 'Golden Age' of motor development.

It is during these years (4-6 years of age) that important skills like running, jumping, throwing, and catching are developed.


Skill development in age 6-8

This is the time when children frequently begin to identify themselves as "athletic" or "unathletic," thereby influencing their future involvement in sports and physical activity.


Movement skills become ingrained in “muscle memory” through repetition.

Children cannot master motor skills by watching or listening or standing around while others get their turn. They master them by doing – over and over and over again.

Proper technique, repeated extensively, leads to mastery over time.


Children need to build a strong foundation of fundamental skills in order to be able to learn and perform more complex sports skills as they mature. To achieve everyone's full potential, new skills should be consistently introduced when the child is ready to learn them.


Skill development in age 8-10

Physically, this is the age when the amount of practice and play done in the earlier years begins to manifest itself in "skillfulness" and in what might be called "athleticism."

Motor skills like throwing, catching, kicking, jumping, balancing, rolling and batting approach the mature stage and allow some youngsters to be highly successful in sports.


Sensory - motor  skill development


Sensory and motor skills build on the foundation of our innate abilities. Sensory skills are those such as vision, hearing, and touch. They are responsible for receiving information.

Motor skills relate to muscles and movement and include crawling, walking, running, jumping, handwriting, playing sport, and speaking.


Cognitive skill development for tennis

Cognitive abilities allow us to process the sensory information we collect.

These include our ability to analyze, evaluate, retain information, recall experiences, make comparisons, and determine action. Although cognitive skills have an innate component, the bulk of cognitive skills are learned. When this development does not occur naturally, cognitive weaknesses are the result. These weaknesses diminish an individual’s capacity to learn and are difficult to correct without specific and appropriate intervention.

Like sensory and motor skills, cognitive skills can be practiced and improved with the right training.